Therefore, negative and unrealistic thoughts can cause us distress and result in problems.
When a person suffers with psychological distress, the way in which they interpret
situations becomes skewed, which in turn has a negative impact on the actions they take.
CBT aims to help people become aware of when they make negative interpretations, and
of behavioral patterns which reinforce the distorted thinking. Cognitive therapy helps
people to develop alternative ways of thinking and behaving which aims to reduce their
Cognitive behavioral therapy is, in fact, an umbrella term for many different therapies that share some common elements. Two of the earliest forms of Cognitive behavioral Therapy were Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), developed by Albert Ellis in the 1950s, and Cognitive Therapy, developed by Aaron T. Beck in the 1960s. See Dobson and Block (1988) for a review of the historical basis of cognitive behavioral therapy